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KREG News    JOBS

PRESS LOGO

A Â£5 billion pounds "big bang"

'Big Bang' machine ready for launch

- Search: Large Hadron Collider
HARDON COLLINDER
A view of the Large Hadron Collider in its tunnel at a laboratory near Geneva
Scientists are to "switch on" the most powerful pa rticle accelerator ever built in an attempt to answer some of the biggest unanswered questions in physics.
The £5 billion Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will smash protons - one of the building blocks of matter - into each other at energies up to seven times greater than any achieved before.
In the flashes from the collisions, scientists expect to reproduce conditions that existed during the first billionth of a second after the Big Bang at the birth of the universe.
No-one knows precisely what will come tumbling out of the primordial soup of disintegrating protons.
The LHC could help scientists explain mass, gravity, mysterious "dark matter" and why the universe looks the way it does.
It could also give them the first evidence of extra spatial dimensions, and even create mini-black holes that blink in and out of existence in a fraction of a second.
The LHC, a colossal machine housed in a 27 kilometre (17 mile) tunnel buried under 100 metres of rock, straddles the borders of Switzerland and France between Lake Geneva and the Jura mountains.
Beams of protons will be accelerated in opposite directions through the ring-shaped tunnel, which is supercooled to just 1.9 degrees above absolute zero (minus 271C), the lowest temperature allowed by nature.
Concerns have been voiced - in particular by German chemist Professor Otto Rossler - that black holes created by the LHC will grow uncontrollably and "eat the planet from the inside".
But those involved in the project insist they have reviewed all the evidence and concluded that it poses no risk to the universe.

Hubble Photos: When Galaxies Collide

TWO COLLIDING GALAXIES
Arp 148, shown here, is the staggering aftermath of an encounter between two galaxies, resulting in a ring-shaped galaxy and a long-tailed companion. This image is part of a large collection of 59 photos of merging galaxies taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.> Read more>



NASA Satellite Detects Naked-Eye Explosion Halfway Across Universe

STELLAR EXPLOSION
WASHINGTON - A powerful stellar explosion detected March 19 by NASA's Swift satellite has shattered the record for the most distant object that could be seen with the naked eye. The explosion was a gamma ray burst. Most gamma ray bursts occur when massive stars run out of nuclear fuel. Their cores collapse to form black holes or neutron stars, releasing an intense burst of high-energy gamma rays and ejecting particle jets that rip through space at nearly the speed of light like turbocharged cosmic blowtorches. When the jets plow into surrounding interstellar clouds, they heat the gas, often generating bright afterglows. Gamma ray bursts are the most luminous explosions in the universe since the big bang. > Read more>

SPACE WEATHER WEEKEND AT ALABAMA A&MU


RECRUITMENT-LOGO
The Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling is a Science and Technology (CISM) presents space weather weekend at Alabama AM  University,  during April 4-6 2008. NC A&T applicants please   contact Dr. Abebe Kebede (Tel: (336-285-2113  email: gutaye@ncat. edu). Please  CLICK HERE to download the details of the program.  We encourage you to apply because this is an excellent place to mingle with future space scientists and the current leaders in the field.
CISM is funded by the National Science Foundation. The scientific goal of CISM is to create models of the space environment, extending from the Sun to the Earth, that can be used for space weather prediction. CISM is headquartered at Boston University, but comprises a number of institutions including: Boston University, Alabama A&M University, University of California, Berkeley, University of Colorado, Boulder Dartmouth College , National Center for Atmospheric Research University of Texas at Arlington. University of Maryland, College Park. Rice University, SAIC and Stanford University

Kebede Research and Education Group
KREG GROUP

KREG stands for Kebede Space Science and Condensed Matter Physics Research and Education Groups. We specialize in curriculum design and practical research in space and material science. Based in the Physics Department, the space science program is very well equipped with state of the art facilities for astrophysical and space physics research. The material science program deals with cutting edge research in synthesis and characterization of materials that exhibit phenomenon such as superconductivity and magnetism. We are seeking qualified students and postdoctoral fellows to join these rewarding and challenging programs at NC A&T State University. For further information please contact us at the following addresses

Tel: 336-256-2039
email: gutaye@ncat. edu)
YBCO-SUPPERCONDUCTIVITYSuperconductivity in YBCO think Films
<>Undegraduate physics majors (Antonio, Benika and Patrick) suscessfully measured the electrical resistance of a high temperature superconductor. The experiment was done at IRC-7, Physics of Materials Research Laboratory.
Tel: 336-256-2039
email: gutaye@ncat. edu

Earth Day
Earth Day EarthDay.gov: Portal for U.S. Government Events & Information
Earth Day is a time to celebrate gains we have made and create new visions to accelerate environmental progress. Earth Day is a time to unite around new actions. Earth Day and every day is a time to act to protect our planet. Earth Day is April 22

Meteor Shower Meteor Shower: April 21, 2007- Expect it to come from the star Vega around midnight (EST)

Talisha Haywood Master Thesis DEFENSE (Major Advisors: Abebe Kebede and Dhrananjay Kumar) . The work is supported by NSF-NIRT and NASA-MUCERPI2003STRUCTURAL AND FLUX-PINNING EFFECTS OF SELF-ASSEMBLED CeO2 NANODOTS ON YBa2Cu3O7-d THIN FILMS-For electrical power applications, high temperature superconductors such as YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) need to possess a high critical current density (Jc); therefore it's critical to improve their current carrying capacity in high magnetic fields. Enhancement of Jc occurs by increasing the flux-pinning capability of the superconductor. The most promising approach to flux-pinning involves the introduction of homogeneous defects (such as nanodots) for pinning of moving vortices that cause current dissipation in high magnetic fields. In this work the study of the effect of CeO2 nanodots in the YBCO matrix is presented. This work is supported by NASA Capacity Building Partnership for Research and Education in Space Science, and The NSF NIRT program

International Heiiophysical Year The planning for the Space Weather Workshop, in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia is underway. For further information please visit the website Contact Dr. Abebe Kebede (gutaye@ncat.edu)

Graduate Seminar in Space and Atmospheric Physics Graduate space science siminar underway: Students who are taking our graduate "Space and Atmospheric Physics course (PHYS695) begin providing seminars on selected topics. The seminars will be held on Thursdays 9:30-10:45 AM in Marteena Hall Planetarium. For further information please contact Drs. Jyoti Nair and Abebe Kebede,

Aggieland Space Science Crew Visited the Mountains in Ashville Space science members visited the PISGAH Astronomincal Institute on April 11-12, 2007. The group is lead by Dr. Samuel Danagouli

Recent Acquisitions The ITS30S is a new, 3-frequency version of the ITS10S and ITS20S receivers originally developed in 1994 by NorthWest Research Associates. This model was developed in anticipation of the three-frequency CERTO class beacons, the first of which is scheduled to be launched in May of 2005. Frequency coverage is approximately from -220 to +110 ppm, allowing coverage of the NIMS (OSCAR) satellites on both Operational and Maintenance frequencies, and the Geodetic and CERTO beacons operating at +80 ppm. This range also covers two of the Russian NavSat frequencies, 0 and -200 ppm The receiver is operated through an associated Windows-based PC, and is intended to operate remotely and unattended. The ITS30S is made to order, and so significant cost savings can be realized if multiple units are ordered at the same time

IGY-IHY-IPY: Space Science Institute The sencond annual Space Science Institute for Student-Teacher Teams is Scheduled for July 16, 2007. For further information, please contact Dr. Abebe Kebede and Mr. Cesar Lockhary

Space Technology curriculum proposedThe rapid growth of technology in our society has been sustained by the efforts of a technological team of professionals. The technologist is a key member of that team who is responsible for applying the research, analysis and design of his colleagues the scientist and the engineer. Technologists also supervise technicians who are involved in fabricating, operating, testing, troubleshooting and maintaining equipment and systems. Contact Drs. Abebe Kebede and Derreck Dunn to learn more about the space technology curriculum/

The Future of Space Exploration and Solutions to Earthly Problems April 11-14, 2007:Kebede and Smith will attend: The Future of Space Exploration: Solutions to Earthly Problems, Boston University

 

Dr. Alex Lacerda visits NC A&T

The Physics of Materials group of the Department of Physics Department will host a visit by Dr. Alex Lacerda, the Director of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory of Los Alamos, New Mexico on June 4, 2007. Dr. Lacerda will give a talk on current research projects involving high magnetic fields. The venue for his talk will be arranged later. Dr. Lacerda has also expressed interest to meet students, professors and administrators. He would also like to tour material research facilities. Please fill out the following form, and indicate the time you wish to meet Dr. Lacerda

Please sign up to talk to Dr Alex Laceda, Director
National High Magentic Field Facility-Los Alamos
Contact Dr. Abebe Kebede (gutaye@ncat.edu
 
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