Space Generation Africa: Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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Space Generation Africa Summit (SGAS): Opportunities and Challenges in Space Science Education in Ethiopia
(Proposed by Abebe Kebede)
"We are fortunate enough to live in a millennium where it not war but the improvement of people's lives, that drives technology to new frontiers. Our greatest challenge now is to cross the final frontier: to bridge the divide between technologies of the haves and the have-nots and harness its power to serve all people on the planet…  " This is quote from UN Secretary General Kofi Anana on the Occasion of the World Space Week 2000. In the spirit of this vision of the UN, Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC) facilitated the Space Generation Summit (SGS) to be held on October 11-13, 2003 in Houston Texas, during the World Space Congress. About 200 delegates representing a wide crossection of cultures and countries will gather to discuss their vision of space, space science and application of space science and technology for peaceful means. UNISPACE III, the Third UN Summit on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space convened 19 to 20 July 1999, Vienna inspired this summit.

The primary objectives of UNISPACE III are

1)    To promote effective means of using space technology to assist in the solution of problems of regional or global significance;
2)    To strengthen the capabilities of Member States, in particular developing countries, to use the applications of space research for economic and cultural development.

Other objectives of UNISPACE III will be as follows:
1)    To provide developing countries with opportunities to define their needs for space applications for development purposes;
2)    To consider ways of expediting the use of space applications by Member States to promote sustainable development;
3)    To address the various issues related to education, training and technical assistance in space science and technology;
4)     To provide a valuable forum for a critical evaluation of space activities and to increase awareness among the general public regarding the benefits of space technology.
5)    To strengthen international cooperation in the development and use of space technology and applications.

•    UNISPACE III indicated that "in spacefaring States, elements of space science and technology have been introduced into the science curricula at elementary, secondary and tertiary levels". It lamented however that "such innovation has not taken place in many developing countries partly because the benefits of space science and technology have not been appreciated enough and partly because the facilities and resources for teaching science and technology are not developed at the educational institutions in those countries are not well developed". UNISPACE III clearly identified the development directions for space science education and research particularly as it applies in sustainable development. It also made a clear distinction between spacefaring states and  those states with insignificant activities related space science  and technology.   As a response to UNISPACE III, the Space Generation Advisory Council (UNSGAC)  has been established with the following vision

To enable and promote a continuous and interactive dialogue on space-related issues between the United Nations and young people of the world, and to further enable the creativity, enthusiasm and vigor of youth to advance humankind through the peaceful uses of outer space.

Space Generation Africa Summit (SGAS)

SGAS will be held during (date TBA) in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. The purpose of SGAS is to integrate the African youth in the activities of UNSGAC. Within the framework established by UNISPACE III and the vision of UNSGAC,  SGAS will become the African analogue of SGS.  SGAS  is a (five) day meeting of several  international and national  delegates  consisting of students, professionals, teachers and researchers,  for the purpose of refining and articulating a shared vision on application of space science and technology for sustainable development,  as well as the expansion and integration of space research and education in K-life learning. The summit will focus on four core areas
•    Education and Training in Space Science and Technology.
•    Curricula for Space Science and Technology Education
•    Space Science and Technology for the non-Scientific Community
•    Regional Centers for Space Science and Technology Education

1)    SGAS will collaborate with prominent scientists, members of SGS, educational institutions and indigenous and international professional societies.
2)    SGAS will collaborate with organizers of scientific conferences in Africa and elsewhere to conduct workshops on the missions and accomplishments of UNSGAS, and SGS as part of its outreach activities
3)    SGAS will  establish a non profit advocacy organization

SGAS Objectives

1)    Develop policy concepts for space science education and research in Africa
2)    Become a conduit for future generations of African Space scientists and educators gain professional experience
3)    Identify common priorities in space science research and education in participating countries that may lead to regional space science centers
4)    Develop a comprehensive space education strategy for K-12
5)    Contribute to the improvement of science education in K-12
6)    Encourage the participation of  women in space science education and research
7)    Contribute to the enhancement of current and future North-South partnerships in space research and education
8)    Enable African scientists and institutions to build  rewarding partnerships
9)    Stimulate quantity and quality of space research and education at undergraduate and graduate level at  African institutions


1)    Establish the African Space Science Network (
2)    Publish newsletter, research papers and reviews in proceedings format.
3)    Propose the establishment of local and regional Astronomical Societies though international collaboration
4)    Establish development forums to share some of the highest quality academic and industrial faculty by facilitating the participation of leading scientists in these fields.
5)    Maintain a database of  space research and education programs, related institutions and personnel
6)    Conduct SGAS Space Academy in African K-12
7)    SGAS will strengthen Space Science Education programs in Universities in Africa by enhancing communications among fundamental and applied scientists.
8)    Networking/bringing first rate science to Africa

Space Generation Africa Summit Format

The SGAS will be organized in  four sections that address each of the four core areas.  The sessions included  invited presentation, panel discussions, contributed papers and poster presentations, two workshops and K-12 space academy.

(a)    Theme or Focus: " Opportunities and Challenges in Space Science Education and Research in Africa "
(b)    Invited talks: invited experts shall present keynote addresses as a prelude to the summit theme. Each keynote presenter shall address immediate and long-term educational goals. The experts shall be selected from academia, industry and government
(c)    Reviewed paper/poster presentations
(d)    Panel Discussion: Panel discussion from selected and invited experts shall be organized around the four core subjects. The panel discussions shall serve as a precursor to future summits and course of action
(e)     Workshops: Two workshop tracks shall be organized as follows
Graduate and Undergraduate student workshop on scientific topics related to the main summit: A full day workshop presented by at least two experts for undergraduate and graduate students who are inclined to obtain PhD in space related field

 IHY-Africa SCINDA 2007 Workshop : Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 11-16 November 2007

NC A&T State University will organize the second International IHY-Africa SCINDA Workshop in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, during the period of November  11-16, 2007. The workshop is sponsored by a grant obtained from the European Office for Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) and United States Air Force. Scientists from Ethiopia, Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Cape Verde, USA and Malaysia will participate in the workshop. The overall goals of the workshop are to establish space science expertise and develop a network of space weather observations across Africa.. The workshop will cover equatorial aeronomy and the physics of low latitude ionospheric disturbances that affect space-based communication and navigation systems.  The workshop will provide instruction on the deployment, operation and interpretation of SCINDA sensors and their associated data.  In the end the participants will setup a GPS TEC/scintillation system on-line at their home institution at the conclusion of the workshop. Low latitude ionospheric disturbances can routinely degrade satellite communications, GPS navigation and other space-based RF systems. The proposed workshop squarely addresses those impacts by providing the requisite training to install and operate sensors that provide real-time warnings of scintillation impacts on DoD systems. We anticipate that as many as 7 new observing sites will be established as a direct result of the workshop. We wish to thank the following for their generous support: European Office of Aerospace Research ( and Development and United States Air Force Research Laboratory.

IHY-Africa Space Weather Science and Education Workshop : Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 11-16 November 2007

The workshop  will follow the 2nd Africa SCINDA Workshop on Sunday 11th November.  Both. meetings will be held at the Ghion Hotel. The Workshop is under the auspices of IHY, in cooperation and collaboration with several other international and African national programs, including CAWSES, eGY, AMMA, and AFREF.  The workshop is sponsored by several US and International Agencies. The purpose of the workshop is to facilitate scientific interaction and promote space science in Africa, with a strong educational focus.  The space science community is currently exploring ways to increase the observational infrastructure in the African sector, and to encourage scientists in Sub-Saharan Africa to become involved in the science objectives, and to host instrumentation at their institutions.  The new observational infrastructure will facilitate the study of space weather, spark interest in space science education and research, and encourage the next generation to become interested in the space sciences. Click on  HERE to go to the main sites